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Coal - encyclopedia article - Citizendium

Hence, coal is the fossil fuel with the largest "carbon footprint". Currently in the United States. Coal-fired power plants provided about 50 percent of the electric power generated in the United States during 2007. About 92% of the coal mined in the United States is burned to produce electricity.

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Coal | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture

The Osage Coal and Mining Company developed mines at Krebs and McAlester. The company sold its product to the Katy and had a virtual monopoly on commercial coal mining in Indian Territory until 1881. The second major producer during the 1880s was the Atoka Coal and Mining Company (AC&MC).

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Coal Mining | Encyclopedia

Coal was not only used for British industries and transports (railways, steamers) but also shipped worldwide (see table 1). In 1910, two-thirds of the coal exported on the world market was mined in Britain. Coal production and export were stimulated by the development of railway networks and steamships in Europe from 1840 onward.

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e-WV | Coal Mine Mechanization

Jun 19, 2012 · Mechanization of West ia's coal mines took place gradually throughout the first half of the 20th century. Traditionally, coal mining involved the distinct steps of undercutting the seam, then drilling and blasting the undercut coal into manageable pieces, and finally loading and hauling the coal to the surface. The complexity of these tasks and the tight spaces encountered underground ...

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Coal Mining in Kentucky - usgenwebsites

An 1856 law incorporating the Hopkins County mining and Manufacturing Company authorized the sale of $5 million in stock, but the Civil War frustrated the project. The leading Kentucky coal-producing county in the 1860 U.S. Census was Union, where 390 miners were paid a total of $168,000 in 1859.

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Energy | WyoHistory

Encyclopedia | Batiste Gamara, 19, emigrated from the Italian Piedmont to New York in 1907. He mined copper and coal in Pennsylvania, Michigan and, finally, near Kemmerer, Wyo. There, tragically, he was killed by falling coal in 1915. His great nephew tells his story.

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Coal mining - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom

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Coal - Energy Education

Coal is a rock formed from the decomposition of plant life. It is primarily composed of carbon, with many other trace elements. Coal's high energy density and extensive reserves found in nature make it useful as a fuel for electricity generation in coal-fired power plants, and in some places, heating.

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Mining | Britannica

(One organic substance, coal, is often discussed as a mineral as well.) Ore is a metalliferous mineral, or an aggregate of metalliferous minerals and gangue (associated rock of no economic value), that can be mined .

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The Coal Business in Wyoming | WyoHistory

Nov 08, 2014 · The Online Encyclopedia of Wyoming History. ... The Coal Business in Wyoming. Chamois L. Andersen. ... The company mined the coal and sold it to the railroad for a profit. In 1874, the government terminated the agreement between the two companies. Consequently, the Union Pacific Coal Company was formed as the Union Pacific Coal Department by ...

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ANTHRACITE COAL MINES AND MINING. | eHISTORY

Coal leases are drawn on the basis of a royalty per ton of mined coal, which varies from ten to fifty cents. There is also in every case a minimum clause,—that is, the operators obligate themselves to pay a stated sum per year whether any coal is mined or not.

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The Coal Business in Wyoming | WyoHistory

Nov 08, 2014 · The first mines were owned by the Wyoming Coal and Mining Company, which leased the land from the railroad. The company mined the coal and sold it to the railroad for a profit. In 1874, the government terminated the agreement between the two companies.

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Coal mining | Britannica

Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth and from underground. Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth. Its predominant use has always been for producing heat energy. It was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th

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Coal Mining | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Mar 23, 2015 · Coal was first exploited by underground mining methods in Cape Breton in 1720, with the French Port Morien mine supplying the fortress of Louisbourg. Annual production of Nova Scotia coal increased with expanding industrial output, from just over one million tonnes in 1880, to more than seven million tonnes in 1913.

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Facts about Coal - UWSP

Facts about Coal Introduction The United States has more coal than any other fossil fuel resource. Coal is the second most consumed fossil fuel in the world, behind petroleum, (which includes liquids from biomass, crude oil, coal, and natural gas). Coal is formed from plant matter that decayed in swamps and bogs millions of years ago.

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Victorian Coal Mines - Children's British History Encyclopedia

Victorian Coal Mines. Conditions in the mines were very dangerous and there were many accidents. Sometimes a tunnel flooded or its roof caved in, crushing the miners beneath it. Miners could be poisoned by underground gas. This gas could explode if ignited from a spark from a .

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Coal and coal mining – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand

the kinds of plants that are buried. New Zealand coal was made from plants that did not exist when coal in other parts of the world was made. how deeply the plants are buried. As coal becomes more compressed it gradually changes into different types of coal. It begins as peat, then becomes lignite, bituminous coal, and ends up as anthracite.

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Coal mining - Choosing a mining method | Britannica

Coal mining - Coal mining - Choosing a mining method: The various methods of mining a coal seam can be classified under two headings, surface mining and underground mining. Surface and underground coal mining are broad activities that incorporate numerous variations in equipment and methods, and the choice of which method to use in extracting a coal seam depends on many technological, economic, .

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Lignite | coal | Britannica

Written By: Lignite, generally yellow to dark brown or rarely black coal that formed from peat at shallow depths and temperatures lower than 100 °C (212 °F). It is the first product of coalification and is intermediate between peat and subbituminous coal according to the coal classification used in the United States and Canada.

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Mining Towns in Alabama | Encyclopedia of Alabama

Ensley Postcard As coal and iron industries developed in Alabama, mining towns came to define the daily existence and the social order for thousands of miners and their families. Numerous towns dotted the landscape during the boom times for coal and iron production, but mining's decline in the last half of the twentieth century brought about the disappearance of many communities.

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Coal Industry | Article about Coal Industry by The Free ...

Coal Industry the branch of the fuel industry dealing with the mining and processing (upgrading and briquetting) of coals. The USSR produces more coal than any other country in the world. The growth in Soviet coal output through the years is shown in Table 1. The first known attempts at mining coal by primitive means were made in ancient Greece and ...

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